• Rahmat Sewa Suraya Oral Tradition Department, Halu Oleo University
  • Komang Wahyu Rustiani Cultural Studies Department Udayana University
  • I Ketut Suardika Primary School Teacher Education, Halu Oleo University



Kembar Buncing, Padambulia Society, Resistance, Tradition


In Bali, the birth of "kembar buncing," or mixed-gender twins, is often associated with negative connotations. Specifically, in Padangbulia, such births are traditionally accompanied by a ritual that includes the exile of the infants to a location deemed haunted by the local community. This practice of exile is a violation of human rights, leading to the issuance of Paswaran Number 10 of 1951, which mandates the abolition of the "Manak Salah" tradition. However, despite this regulation, the Padangbulia community continues to uphold the tradition. This study aims to explore the processes and forms of resistance by the Padangbulia community against the mandated abolition. The research adopts a qualitative descriptive approach, utilizing cultural semiotics and resistance theory to understand the community's actions. Data collection involved snowball sampling to select informants, supported by participant observation, interviews, and document analysis. Findings reveal that the "kembar buncing" tradition in Padangbulia involves several stages, including preparation, exile, and purification. The resistance to abolishing the tradition manifests both openly and covertly, highlighting the community's deep-seated cultural values and the complex dynamics between tradition and regulatory enforcement. This study sheds light on the persistence of traditional practices despite external pressures and the role of cultural resistance in maintaining local customs.


Ariyani, L. P. S., Atmadja, N. B., Maryati, T., & Hendrawan, M. R. (2023). Tutur Brahma Sapa and Dewa Tatwa Manuscripts as the Main References for the Maintenance of Manak salah tradition at Padangbulia Traditional Village, Bali, Indonesia. Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage, 12(1), 60–90.

Barker, C., Putranto, H., & Arya, N. (2018). Kamus kajian budaya.

Cohen, N., & Arieli, T. (2011). Field research in conflict environments: Methodological challenges and snowball sampling. Journal of Peace Research, 48(4), 423–435.

Dewi, N. L. G. A., Sukadana, I. K., & Sudibya, D. G. (2021a). Tradisi Manak Salah di Desa Adat Padangbulia Kecamatan Sukasada Kabupaten Buleleng. Jurnal Konstruksi Hukum, 2(1), 170–174.

Dewi, N. L. G. A., Sukadana, I. K., & Sudibya, D. G. (2021b). Tradisi Manak Salah di Desa Adat Padangbulia Kecamatan Sukasada Kabupaten Buleleng. Jurnal Konstruksi Hukum, 2(1), 170–174.

Dipta, G. N. G. (2020). Media Informasi Tradisi Manak Salah (Bayi Kembar Buncing) di Desa Padangbulia-Buleleng, Bali Berbasis Video. Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha.

Firdaus, A. M., Thahir, L. S., & Akbar, M. (2023). The Tradition of the Twins Mayang in Javanese Tribe Community Wedding in Sukamaju Village, Banggai District in the Perspective of Islamic Law. International Journal Of Contemporary Islamic Law And Society, 5(1), 1–8.

Inhorn, M. C., & Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. (2008). Assisted reproductive technologies and culture change. Annual Review of Anthropology, 37, 177–196.

Irwin, A. A., & Khairunnisa, K. (2013). Fenomena Hukum Adat Bali Terhadap Bayi Kembar Buncing Dalam Novel Incest Karya I Wayan Artika. Sirok Bastra, 1(2), 231–241.

Pageh, I. M. (2021). Model Revitalisasi Ideologi Desa Pakraman Bali Aga Berbasis Kearifan Lokal-Rajawali Pers. PT. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Parlak, F., & Islam, M. (2022). Domination and the arts of resistance: hidden transcript. Selcuk University.

Prabandani Wahanu, H. (2020). Pancasila Sebagai Sumber Dari Segala Sumber Hukum Dan Implementasinya Dalam Bangunan Negara Hukum Indonesisa.

Spagnoletti, B. R. M., Bennett, L. R., Kermode, M., & Wilopo, S. A. (2018). ‘I wanted to enjoy our marriage first… but I got pregnant right away’: a qualitative study of family planning understandings and decisions of women in urban Yogyakarta, Indonesia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 18, 1–14.

Stacey, M. (2023). Tradition and change. In Studies in British Society (pp. 7–31). Routledge.

Sugiyono. (2022). Metode Penelitian Kunatitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. In Alfabeta, Bandung.

Suparni, S., & Saputra, R. (2023). The Semiotic Study: Decoding the Symbolic Meaning of the Nokeso Tradition in the Salena Environment. Pulchra Lingua: A Journal of Language Study, Literature & Linguistics, 2(1), 32–55.

Suraya, R. S., Rosnon, M. R., Rustiani, K. W., Salniwati, S., & Suwedawati, G. A. K. A. (2024). The Balinese Diaspora In The Multicultural Society Of Southeast Sulawesi. Al-Qalam, 30(1), 26–36.

Susilowati, E. Z., & Indarti, T. (2018). Resistensi perempuan dalam kumpulan cerita tandak karya royyan julian (Teori resistensi-James C. Scott). Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

van Haastrecht, M., Sarhan, I., Yigit Ozkan, B., Brinkhuis, M., & Spruit, M. (2021). Symbals: A systematic review methodology blending active learning and snowballing. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics, 6, 685591.

Wulandari, L. P. L., & Klinken Whelan, A. (2021). Beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of pregnant women in Bali. Midwifery, 27(6), 867–871.




How to Cite

Suraya, R. S., Rustiani, K. W. and Suardika, I. K. (2024) “ PADANGBULIA PEOPLE’S RESISTANCE TO PUBLIC POLICY NUMBER 10 OF 1951 CONCERNING THE ABOLITION OF THE MANAK SALAH TRADITION ”, Sebatik, 28(1), pp. 124–128. doi: 10.46984/sebatik.v28i1.2460.